The Tulip period (Turkish: Lâle Devri), or "Tulip era" is the traditional name in Ottoman history for the period 1718 to 1730, when Nevsehirli Damat Ibrahim Pasha was Grand Vizier under Sultan Ahmed III. It was a relatively peaceful period, and has been considered the period when the Ottoman Empire began to orient itself towards Europe. The name was applied by early 20th century historians, starting with Ahmet Refik, and comes from the contemporary fad for tulips in Ottoman court society.
During the Tulip Period, the capital Istanbul expanded on the Bosporus. Wealthy residents began to build alternative residences (yalisi) outside the crowded walled city. The Tulip Period was traditionally linked to the beginning of Westernization of Ottoman culture. But more recent studies have instead shown the Tulip Era as a period of revivalism, which looked to both "classical" 16th century Ottoman society and Safavid Persia. The Ottoman tradition of miniature albums was revived with the work of the outstanding miniature painter Levni, who became the court painter. There was also an attempt to revive the Ottoman tradition of ceramics, after the decline of production in Iznik, with the establishment of new workshops in Istanbul. In poetry, the poet Nedîm broke new ground by challenging the traditional canon while writing in a classical Ottoman format. The first Ottoman printing press was established by the Hungarian convert Ibrahim Muteferrika, which is considered a landmark of the period.
The end of the "Tulip Period" was marked by the rebellion of Patrona Halil in 1730.